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An eight we have much more fanfare. We present our LEQ. This is our presentation on levels of centralization I'm Alan and today, I'm. Accompanied by the people work with presentation with Aaron angel and Paul ideas, what similarities existed in European and Europe and china's government system, China's successful economy and class structure affect the European states, the significance of china's centralized. Government, how did it end the feudalism system in Europe during the c 1200 to c-1450 era? Many believe that a decentralized administration was beneficial in preventing political groups from gaining too much power.
However, conflict arose as neighboring states sought out for power states were not able to afford to conduct large products that could benefit their community. Therefore, a decentralized Europe is not able to prosper like china's. Centralized government, historical context, the song. Dynasty 960, the 1279 expanding the pre-existing, imperial bureaucracy, emperor song, ties extended, the civil service exam to allow young men in lower economic classes, the chance of obtaining a job in the bureaucracy, enabling more upward mobility into higher classes and canal was built enabling china to become a prominent trading hub in the world as advancement in agriculture productivity.
Let led them to let them having a large population growth. China's proto-industrialization allowed for the. Economy to transform from local consumption to market production, control trade. The South China Sea china's bureaucracy, redefined its class structure, the scholar gentry outnumbered, the elasticity and became the most influential class in China, farmers artists and merchants reflected confusion, respect for hard work and create new value. China's peasants are provided with some aid from the government European civilizations were defined by feudalism was a system of mutual obligations between. Social classes, monarchs, lords, knights, peasants, provided security for peasants cut equipment for knights and land to those spring.
Lords wealth was measured in land using used a called shivery to resolve disputes between parties, the manual system, provided economic self-sufficiency and defense to its residents later in the Middle Ages, monarchs group in France. King, Philip ii was first to develop a real. Barack the Roman Empire survived the power struggle over whether a secular leader would invest.
Bishops inside the pope by giving the church authority for secular authorities similarities, the song dynasty ruled over china in the time frame of 1200 to 1368, although the dynastic rule held china together for 11 million no threats arose greater than the invasion of the mongols. And the creation of the one dynasty, the mongols captured Beijing in 1215 and ruled the majority of the nation with the song dynasty, still fighting back. The total conquest of china in 1279. The song were defeated in the. Battle of Yemen, and the mongols had taken over all china, however, in 1368, the Ming dynasty swept through the mongols palaces in Beijing. And we took Chinese control effectively ending the Iran dynasty and beginning, mongol rule similar to the mongols, the English were dissatisfied with their current resources and wanted more trade land and resources tensions continue to rise until the English.
And France finally agreed to war nationalism emerged from conflicts, such as the 100 years war, the mongols. In England had one thing in common having the desire to expand their influence by taking land and expanding the nation differences. China, unlike Europe had religious diversity.
Buddhism came to China from India via the silk world. It became popular by the tang dynasty. And the Huang Zhang 17 seventh century, Buddhist monk, three different forms of Buddhism that became important in Asia, where the Buddhism Malayan Buddhism and to Bethan moose, unlike china, religion, wasn't as diverse the church, held. Great power in Europe. It influenced politics heavily an example were the crusaders who fought for the holy land sources and analysis. So this is our first primary source it's, the posting of the examination results from 1540 in China situation in POV, the primary source was created by Chu Ching. He was commissioned by Xianfeng lie and Chang Chen, gun emperor song, tail expanded, the civil exam to lower classes reasoning and analysis the civil service exam enabled for men to move upward and obtain.
Bureaucracy jobs, china's meritocracy allowed for the best educated individuals to run the country efficiently, essential group governing allows for laws to be enforced, fairly unlike feudalism states. This is our second source, Roland, pledges, his loyalty to Charlemagne 19th century copy of manuscript minimum of sea. 1352 murrays's force was by angel man, etc., dedicated for the ceremony where the vast was pledged to fight the lord a hundred years of war between France and England was in progress butchers. Felt united under the monarch, they served feudalism enabled the different classes to depend on each other, the classes build trust among themselves by being faithful to their obligation. If you have the classes, aiding one, another prevents a group from growing to too large as without the others, it will not have wealth.
This is a quote this way. Not only would we be prepared to meet the distress of famine since the people will receive loans from the government. It would be impossible for the. Monopolistic houses to exploit the gap between harvest by charging interest at twice, the normal rate, the primary sources by NC, one prov pose a way to solve the declining tax revenue and reduce government spending the law and society has posed a military threat to their song Assad made payments of luxury goods to diffuse dynasties and maintain the troops to defend the empire. The proposed policies established the price of grain and storage based on its market price and made it interchangeable for.
Money and farmers, the politician stimulates the economy help. The farmers create productivity china's government considered the interests of the workers in their planning of community revenue. Here is a quote by kaya. Mark violin conflicts were much more common in Europe. The majority of European wars were fought between European state enemies and reasoning as Europe was divided many states focused their resources into the military, which led to the competition among states.
They had the power to. Protect themselves from external forces. But without a strong, central government, lords fought among themselves as labs were properly enforced. This is a source.
This is a quote from Britannia Xiao feudalism suffered from a continual dilution of authority. China once had feudalism like Europe. But it wasn't stable. The central government was dependent on its states for power to the point where they were almost useless feudalism can lead a region to chaos as the states aren't as aren't accountable for.
Their actions there are app world themes. We use theme 2 cultural developments and interactions, the development of ideas, beliefs and religious religions illustrates how groups in society view themselves and the interactions of societies and their beliefs often have political social and cultural implications. We also use theme, 3 governance, a variety of internal and external factors, contribute to state formation expansion and decline. Governments maintain order through a variety of administrative. Institutions policies and procedures and governments obtain retain and exercise power in different ways. And for different purposes, theme, five social and interactions and organization, the process by which societies group their members and the norms that govern the interactions between these groups and between individuals influenced political and economic and cultural institutions and organizations.
So we look back to our big ideas, what similarities existed in Europe and china's government. Systems how did china's successful economic economy and class structure affect the European states? And what was the sense of china's centralized government? And how did it end the feudalism system in Europe? We hope that our slides answered those big ideas and I hope they cleared through after our presentation.
And these are sources.